To make students more active in the discussion, the instructor shall inform the students about the possible gains from the discussion. Sometimes, students fail to realize the importance of group activity and shy away from participating. Thus, if they know about personality and skill development, they will be motivated and encouraged to participate actively in the group discussion.
Also, the discussion topic can be the reason for students not participating in the discussion. The student background or less preparedness can also discourage them from participating in the discussion.
In such instances, where the teacher observes students not participating in the discussion, the teacher shall create an atmosphere of discussion beforehand. An ice-breaking session at the beginning of the semester can help to hold the successful group discussion. Guide the students about relevant reading before conducting the group discussion.
Here are the ten steps that can help you to have an effective listening:
1.) Face the speaker and always maintain an eye contact.
2.) Pay attention, but be relaxed.
3.) Have an open mind and listen to them without judging them.
4.) Carefully listen to the words and try to understand what the speaker is saying.
5.) Never interrupt the speaker, nor impose your thinking on them.
6.) When the speaker takes a pause only then ask a question.
7.) Never ask things unnecessarily, only ask to have a better understanding.
8.) Try to feel what the speaker is feeling and communicating.
9.) Try to give simple and regular feedback to the speaker.
10.) Focus on the non-verbal cues like facial expression and gestures.
Basically there are two types of listening skills:
This type of listening is developed in the initial stages. This is the most basic kind of listening and does not require any effort as such in understanding the meaning of words or the phrases but just different sounds are produced. For example, in the early childhood, a distinction can be made between different sounds that get improved as the child grows up. As we move from childhood towards adulthood this distinction increases with the capacity to distinguish between different sounds.
Comprehensive listening is a broad term and it basically includes understanding the messages being communicated to the other person. It is also fundamental to all listening sub-categories. For a person to develop comprehensive listening the listener first has to have an appropriate vocabulary and other language skills. This kind of listening gets more complex as the same message given to two people might result in understanding it with different meanings.
Comprehensive listening is also complimented by sub-messages through non-verbal communication like the tone of the voice, body language, and gestures. This kind of non-verbal signals can help immensely in communication and comprehension but might also confuse and might lead to misunderstanding.
Here are 7 tips that can develop listening skills in students:
1.) Use audiobooks to applications, that can help in improving listening skills in students.
2.) Teachers can read a topic loud, and then have the class discuss and reflect on the content.
3.) Give children assignments group presentations.
4.) Try to ask open-ended questions.
5.) Assign students tasks and activities that encourage critical thinking.
6.) Offer students reflecting learning opportunities.
7.) Try to reinforce active listening in students.
Organic Chemistry- Organic Chemistry talks about the hydrocarbon compounds or organic compounds in general
Inorganic Chemistry- Inorganic Chemistry describes the rest of the subset of the compounds, leaving the organic compound
Organic Chemistry- Talking about the scope, Organic Chemistry has a wide range of application. Organic chemistry is significant for those interested in biotechnology.
Inorganic Chemistry- The scope is not as wide as the Organic Chemistry. Inorganic Chemistry is more apt for those who want to make their career in nanotechnology.
Organic Chemistry- Involves the study of carbon compounds including hydrocarbons
Inorganic Chemistry- Focusses on the non-organic reactions
Organic Chemistry- Talks about the mechanism of making organic reactions possible and then apply those skills in decoding various biological reactions
Inorganic Chemistry- Focusses on describing the various types of inorganic compounds, reactions and structures.
Organic Chemistry- Consists of reactions that are more concerned with the functional group present on the compound
Inorganic Chemistry- Consists of acid-base reactions, redox reactions, displacement reactions and so on.
Organic Chemistry- Deals with crystals and salts
Inorganic Chemistry- Primarily deals with fats, oils and sugars.
Organic Chemistry- Melts and boils easily
Inorganic Chemistry- Melting point is higher and degrades rather than boiling