Locke and Latham have given 5 goal-setting principles in their book "A Theory of Goal Setting and Task Performance." These principles help set achievable and motivational goals for you.
5 Principles of Goal-Setting by Locke and Latham are:
Locke and Latham suggested that if your goals are clear and concise, there will be no room for misunderstanding and misinterpretation. As a result, you will grasp what you want, what to do, and how to get it. Unclear goals lead to poor execution of your efforts and a waste of time.
Locke and Latham believe that if a goal is challenging, intriguing and inspiring, we are more likely to be motivated to accomplish it. Challenging doesn't mean we can fantasize about unrealistic ideas. Challenging goals should also be achievable and relatable.
Try to connect emotionally with your goal. Only then can you commit. To connect emotionally, you need to set goals that are true to your interest, values, and life. As a result, you will be convinced and agree with your goals. Once you are committed, you will become consistent.
Regularly review your goal progress.
Answer questions like:
- Am I going in the right direction?
- Are my goal-plans working properly?
- Why I didn't see any progress?
- How far should I go to reach the end-goal?
- Are my goals clear? Etc.
It helps you to see whether you are traveling in the right direction towards your goal.
6. Task Complexity:
Task-complexity can either be the "Not Clearly Understood." category or "It's a very challenging" category. Know the difference. Not all people can handle complex goals. Also, even highly motivated people can sometimes feel overwhelmed with complex goals. Point is, avoid too many complexities while setting your goals and don't overdo.