Locke and Latham have given 5 goal-setting principles in their book "A Theory of Goal Setting and Task Performance." These principles help set achievable and motivational goals for you.
5 Principles of Goal-Setting by Locke and Latham are:
Locke and Latham suggested that if your goals are clear and concise, there will be no room for misunderstanding and misinterpretation. As a result, you will grasp what you want, what to do, and how to get it. Unclear goals lead to poor execution of your efforts and a waste of time.
Locke and Latham believe that if a goal is challenging, intriguing and inspiring, we are more likely to be motivated to accomplish it. Challenging doesn't mean we can fantasize about unrealistic ideas. Challenging goals should also be achievable and relatable.
Try to connect emotionally with your goal. Only then can you commit. To connect emotionally, you need to set goals that are true to your interest, values, and life. As a result, you will be convinced and agree with your goals. Once you are committed, you will become consistent.
Regularly review your goal progress.
Answer questions like:
- Am I going in the right direction?
- Are my goal-plans working properly?
- Why I didn't see any progress?
- How far should I go to reach the end-goal?
- Are my goals clear? Etc.
It helps you to see whether you are traveling in the right direction towards your goal.
6. Task Complexity:
Task-complexity can either be the "Not Clearly Understood." category or "It's a very challenging" category. Know the difference. Not all people can handle complex goals. Also, even highly motivated people can sometimes feel overwhelmed with complex goals. Point is, avoid too many complexities while setting your goals and don't overdo.
How to set achievable goals?
Step 1: Identity what type of Goals you have in mind
What type of goals you have in mind? Do you have goals to achieve every day or do you have monthly/weekly/yearly goals?
- An everyday goal can be: Drink 8 glasses of water, Walk a Mile, etc.
- Monthly Goals can be: Earn this target money, finish one online-course, etc.
- Weekly goals can be: complete 10 pages of assignments, finish the office presentation on financial-risks, etc.
Identifying what goals you want to accomplish is important. Only then, you can proceed further in setting achievable process goals.
Step 2: Write them down
The second step is to write all the goals you want to achieve in your journal or separate notebook. Personally, writing your goals becomes a powerful reminder for you. You can find a goal-planner notebook. Or, a simple notebook will do. You can separate it for days, weeks, and months for convenience.
Step 3: Write Process Goals
Under each goal, write down its corresponding process goals.
Weekly Goal 1: Want to finish office-presentation on Financial Risks.
Process Goals: Collect references from financial-dept., finalize the design-layout by Wednesday, etc.
Daily Goal 1: Drink 8 Glasses of Water
Process Goals: Carry own Water-bottle, place it nearby workspace, refill during breaks without fail, etc.
Step 4: Start
Now start executing your process goals for your day, month, and weeks. You can also prioritize it according to importance and convenience.
Step 5: Measure Progress
Strikeout once you have finished the process goals. The more you complete your process goals, the closer you get to reach your ultimate goal.
Set simple and clear achievable goals for yourself. Reaching your end-goal becomes stress-free. The quality of the outcome will be highly fruitful.