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I am Vaishali. To 'Write' is to express and i believe writing is one of the rare few things that has wonderful impact on any person even on a minuscule.

SMART Goal-Setting Strategy Explained !

What is a SMART Goal?

SMART is the key aspect and the best strategy to set proper goals. If you don’t know how to set goals, you can follow how SMART works. You will get the idea. When you set SMART goals, you will understand how to proceed in achieving your goals.

Why do you need to follow the SMART Goal-Setting Strategy?

SMART Stands for Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic and Time-Bound.

SMART goal-setting will bring out what exactly you want, how you want, and when you want. When you start following the SMART strategy, you will answer 5 important questions that will determine whether you can set the goal and achieve it.

SMART Goal-Setting is about:

Is your goal SPECIFIC?

What do you want to achieve? What type of Goal is it? Is it a short-term goal? What are your long-term goals? Do you have any goals or tasks that you like to do before you complete your education?

Is your goal MEASURABLE?

Can you monitor your goal’s progress? How will you know if you have achieved it or Not? What’s the Measure or scale you have fixed for your goal?

Is your goal ATTAINABLE?

Can you achieve your goal? What do you want to accomplish with this Goal? What end-results do you want to get? How the outcome of your goal should be?

How REALISTIC is your Goal?

Is your goal a realistic one? Is it practically possible? Can we get the resources needed to accomplish this Goal? Can you tackle the difficulties in achieving this Goal?

What TIME-FRAME will it take?

Can you achieve it in a week/month? What type of Goal you have, and how much time will it take? When should you complete this Goal?


SMART goal-setting is a high backed method to achieve our goals practically and objectively.


Best examples of Creative Thinking

What are some of the best examples of Creative Thinking?

To understand creative thinking better, here are a few examples that will give you interesting ideas.

Example 1 Situation:

What is the social structure of the Mayan Civilization?

Creative Ideas:

  1. You can create or express how the Mayans were the first to bring brew beverages out of cocoa.
  2. You can do role-play enacting Mayan Civilization
  3. You can make a model of the Mayan calendar
  4. Use Mayan words to write assignments
  5. You can use Mayan Numerical System etc.

Example 2: Situation:

Write an assignment about Recent Space Inventions?

Creative Ideas:

  1. Include images of recent science trends and innovations
  2. Include top science minds speeches related to your assignments.
  3. You can make bookmarks/page separators as a ‘print and cut version of science people or science-project figures’.
  4. You can do presentations with more graphic elements and live clips of launching that space invention.
  5. Use reverse-thinking to write assignments differently than the usual format. But make it meaningful.
  6. Add artworks in your assignments

Example 3: Situation:

Creativity in the workplace

Creative ideas:

  1. Maintain a positive workspace.
  2. Add positive elements to your desk
  3. Note down meeting points diagrammatically
  4. Do artworks or drawings to represent your tasks to do.
  5. You can keep motivation flyers stuck in a pinboard.

Example 4: Situation:

To showcase your skills and talents

Creative ideas:

  1. Build a nice Portfolio
  2. Prepare a creative, crisp and minimalistic resume
  3. Develop a blog to showcase your work
  4. You can include testimonials of people whom you have worked
  5. You can develop a viewbook

Example 5 Situation:

How to analyze this problem?

Creative ideas:

  1. Draw doodles to represent problem factors
  2. Develop a mapping system to connect with the problems
  3. Use flowcharts, diagrams, analogies, etc. to represent a problem.
What are the major steps to critical thinking as it relates to problem-solving?

Today’s professional world is looking for people who are both critical thinkers and problem solvers. On the surface, they can look similar. But, critical thinking and problem-solving have their fair share of differences and thought processes.

The 5 Common Steps in Critical-Thinking and Problem-Solving are:

1. Identify the problem:

The first step in critical thinking and problem-solving is problem identification. For a critical thinker, the thought process will be:

  1. Is it a real problem

  2. Does the problem exists

With a problem-solving attitude, the thought process will be:

  1. This is a problem

  2. Here to start to analyze it

2. Analyze:

You analyze and interpret the problem.

3. Brainstorm:

Similar to evaluating step in critical thinking, this brainstorming session is about:

  • Finding solutions

  • Analyzing the pros and cons of the solution

  • Justifying the solution

4. Decide:

You come up with an agreeable solution here.

5. Take action:

You take actionable steps to put the solution into action.


To make things understandable further, here are

6 Main Difference between critical thinking and problem solving

Difference #1

Critical thinking is: Intentional, reflective way of looking at surroundings, things, or scenarios.

Problem-solving: Focuses on a specific situation

Difference #2

Critical thinking: It involves finding a workable solution and defending/justifying the solution.

Problem-solving: Forming a conclusion.

Difference #3

Critical thinking: Recognizing the problem scenarios

Problem-solving: Defining the problems

Difference #4

Critical thinking; Identifying, formulating and solving problems

Problem-solving: Recognizing a problem situation

Difference #5

Critical thinking: Encloses all thinking skills, decision-making abilities, and problem-solving factors.

Problem-solving: It is an outcome of critical thinking

Difference #6

Critical Thinking involves steps like: Analyzing, Reasoning, Evaluating, Synthesizing, and Take Action

Problem Solving involves steps like: Identifying the problem cause, brainstorming sessions, come up with multiple solutions. And, monitor the progress.

What are Cognitive Thinking Skills?

What are Cognitive Thinking Skills?

Cognitive thinking skills are like the heart of all thinking skills. You read, learn, process, see, pay attention, remember, process new information, grasp, keep data, and process everything by cognitive thinking. Only with cognitive thinking skills, we see, understand, and look at the world as it is.

9 Characteristics of Cognitive Thinking Skills

Sustained Attention:

It is the ability to pay sustained attention over for a consistent period.

The longer you can pay attention, the better you become in understanding and keeping it in memory.

Response Inhibition:

It is your ability to stay focused and remain attentive despite what’s happening outside.

If you don’t respond to distractions often, it means, you have better ‘response inhibition’.

Information Processing Speed:

It is your ability to process additional information, existing information or incoming information quickly.

Cognitive Flexibility:

When you are in a place, you change your mind and become flexible about it.

For instance, you behave a certain way at interviews. You behave a certain way with friends. you switch mentally between these two scenarios. This is called cognitive flexibility.

Multiple Attention:

It involves successful multitasking. It requires speedy processing of information, attention, and good planning.

It is not possible all the time for everyone.

Working Memory:

You remember the instructions, procedures and the entire process long enough in your memory.

It should come to you even after a long time to perform the process correctly.

Category Formation:

It comes under the higher order thinking levels.

Category formation says your ability to process information and categorize them accordingly.

Pattern Recognition:

It is your ability to understand pattern, logics and meaning behind things you see, things you hear and with the work you do.

Audio/Visual Processing:

It is your ability to grasp and interpret the audio, video elements around you.
What is Logical Thinking Skills with Examples?

Logical Thinking Skill:

Logical thinking looks for things that make “sense”. Logical thinking skills are reflected in the way you:

  • Question

  • Reason

  • Think

  • Form opinions

You classify what is appropriate and judge what is right based on a given set of logic.

Characteristics of Logical Thinking Skill:

  1. Logical thinking skills are more of a sequential thought process.

  2. People are not born with logical thinking skills. People practice it and perfect it.

  3. Logical thinking skills pay close attention to details.

  4. Logical thinking skill considers facts, details, data, patterns, and perceptions.

  5. There is no place for emotional aspects or biases in logical thinking.

  6. An Important characteristic of logical thinking is, you will reject thoughts like “I don’t know” or “it is too difficult” or “I can’t do this”.

  7. If trained in logical thinking, people get smarter and sharper. Logical thinking can be perfected by constant practice.

  8. Logical Thinking helps you take better decisions, give productive results, and reduce complexities.

  9. Logical thinkers are good solution-givers.

  10. Logical thinking skills can be enhanced by playing puzzles, mental challenges, solving crosswords, math games, word games, etc.

You can understand what logical thinking is through different examples here.

Ex 1: What if someone says This Street brings Poor luck?

Logical Thinking would be:

· It is a much-generalized point.

· Does this street bring bad luck to you or everyone? If so, where is the proof?

· Has everyone gone through this street experienced bad luck?

· How many people can verify it?

Ex 2: I am living in Stockholm. I am living in a Nordic Country.

Logical Inference:

Facts are verifiable because Stockholm is in Sweden. The countries Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and Norway are all referred to as Nordic Countries.

6 Types of Thinking Skills based on Bloom’s Critical Thinking Taxonomy:

1. Remembering Skills:

Remembering skill is the brain’s ability to remember, identify, and interpret what it sees and what it hears.

Recalling, memorizing, retrieving and repeating information from your brain whenever needed is a unique aspect of this thinking skill.

Associating Words: Bookmark, Count, Describe, Enumerate, Identify, Label, List, Match, Recall, Sequence, Tell, Remind, Recite, Find out.

2. Interpreting Skills:

The second stage of thinking is interpreting. Your mind becomes curious and asks questions like “what is it”, “why is it like that”, “who put it here”, “where it came from” etc.

Associated Words: Conclude, Discuss, Describe, Explain, Illustrate, Predict, Reports, Tell, Express.

3. Application/Implementing Skills:

Implementing skill is about “what you have to do” and “what has to be done”. By the knowledge and resources you have, you solve a problem.

Associated Words: Implement, Imitate, Show, Reveal, Produce, Choose, Gather, Use.

4. Analyzing/Scrutinizing Skills:

Systematically and logically you break the problem elements at this level. You disengage irrelevancies. You differentiate, compare, examine, categorize and experiment your problem-scenarios.

Associated Words: Characterize, Categorize, Classify, Compare, Predict, Rank, Redefining, Outlining, Subdivide, Research, Represent, Map, Diagrammatic Representation.

5. Judgmental Skills:

You draw conclusions based on facts and data. You justify your standpoint in this stage. To justify, you assess, support, evaluate, find credibility to your solutions and communicate it to people. Evaluation and judging is a crucial thinking skill.

Associated Words: Test, Compare, Critique, Defend, Rank, Judge, Justify, Argue.

6. Creative Skills:

Creativity is a higher-order thinking skills different from others. We can combine it with other thinking skills. Or, we can use it independently.

Associated Words: Invent, Modify, Reverse-Engineer, Rearrange, Networking, Revise, Remodel, Out of the Box, New Framework.


The above are 6 major categories of thinking skills we see. And are based on bloom’s taxonomy of critical thinking.

9 Major Types of Thinking SKills

1. Analytical Thinking:

Analytical thinking skill is your ability to analyze a given the problem, or situation step by step. You perform a complete analysis of all possible ways to interpret the situation/problem before you.

2. Divergent Thinking:

In short, divergent thinking skill is “Go diverse. Conclude with one that works”. Divergent thinking involves exploring all possibilities and viewpoints to find an appropriate solution.

First, you begin gathering related facts, data, or references from all sources. You analyze and apply logic to find the relevant possibilities. Among them, you pick the one that stands out and seems to be precise to solve the problem.

3. Convergent Thinking :

Convergent thinking is about connecting all the dots. You connect scattered thoughts, data, standpoints, or related information and put together one big picture. Convergent thinking is a key thinking skill we need in life.

4. Critical Thinking:

It covers 7 steps like identifying, gathering, analyzing, interpreting, establishing, deciding and communicating the problem.

5. Creative Thinking:

Imagination and creativity proceed here instead of logic and reasoning.

6. Abstract Thinking:

Abstract thinking is like abstract art/painting. Change your normal perspective to see what is being portrayed. Find the hidden meaning. You see the 'actual' truth behind the 'false' truth.

7. Concrete thinking:

As the name suggests, concrete thinking is factual thinking. Only facts and nothing else. A concrete thinker will approach everything with facts, data, and solid knowledge. It is the opposite of abstract thinking.

8. Sequential Thinking:

You think and process in an orderly, sequential manner. You don’t deviate. You progress step-by-step i.e. you can go to the second step only after your first step is complete. Every step in interconnected sequentially here.

9. Holistic Thinking

You go straight for the big picture and then you connect everything.

7 Types of Questioning skills to Improve Critical Thinking and Higher Order Thinking

Hypothetical Questions:

Hypothetical questions kindle your brain to look for possibilities and fresh ideas. Hypothetical thinking enables an individual to anticipate, predict, and describe the pros and cons.


  1. What will happen if I remove this?

  2. What will you do if this happens?

Hypotheses are good for exploring prospects. It also helps you in preparing a contingency approach.

Reversal Questions:

Reversal thinking makes an individual 'twist the problem in reverse or sideways' to understand it. It brings out alternate possibilities to deal with problems.


  1. In what ways we are complicating this problem?

  2. Why should we not include it?

  3. What happens when we don’t resolve it?

Symbolic Questions:

This type is about using multiple formats to understand a solution.


We can use a chemical equation structure to explain what is happening inside a tree.

Analogy Questions:

It’s the most common type of questioning. We compare and correlate here.


  1. What is the physics behind birds flying?

  2. What is the connection between a chemical-reaction and cooking?

Point of View Questions:

Here, you put yourself in a different shoe and ask questions and answer them. This questioning skill is important in improving critical and higher-order thinking.


  1. How will my boss think?

  2. How will an experienced person handle this?

Completion Questions:

It is like “fill in the blanks”. The questions will end abruptly. We have to use our imagination to close it appropriately.


  1. What happens after this stage?

  2. How did it disappear?

Analysis Questions:

It is like a spider spinning a web. You ask a web of questions instead of raising basic questions. You go deeper levels and look for patterns and ideas.


  1. What are the effects? Where it is extending?

  2. What happens there if I do this here?


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